Android, Inc. founded in Palo Alto, California, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin (co-founder of Danger), Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications, Inc.), Nick Sears (former VP T-Mobile), and Chris White (head of design and interface development WebTV ) to develop "smart mobile devices are more aware of the location and user preferences". The initial goal of Android development is to develop an advanced operating system that is intended for digital cameras, but then realized that the market for such devices is not big enough, and then transferred to the development of the Android smart phone market to compete with Symbian and Windows Mobile (iPhone Apple has not released in at that time). Although Android developers are experts experienced technology, Android Inc. operated in secret, only revealed that the developers are creating a software dedicated to mobile phones. Still in the same year, Rubin ran out of money. Steve Perlman, a close friend Rubin, loaned him $ 10,000 in cash and shares in the company declined the offer.
Google acquired Android Inc. on August 17, 2005, making it a wholly owned subsidiary of Google. The founder of Android Inc. like Rubin, Miner and White remained with the company after it was acquired by Google. After that, not much is known about the development of Android Inc., but a lot of assumption that Google plans to enter the mobile phone market with this action. At Google, the team led by Rubin began developing a mobile device platforms using the Linux kernel. Google marketed the platform to mobile device manufacturers and wireless operators, with the promise that they provide a system that is flexible and can be updated. Google has chosen several partner companies of software and hardware, and it signaled to the mobile operator that this cooperation is open to anyone who wants to participate.
HTC Dream, the first Android phone.
Speculation about Google's intention to enter the mobile communications market continues to grow until December 2006. The BBC and The Wall Street Journal reported that Google is working hard to include in the search engine applications and mobile devices. Various print and online media reported that Google is developing a mobile device with the Google brand. Some of them speculated that Google has determined the technical specifications, including mobile phone manufacturers and network operators. In December 2007, InformationWeek reported that Google had filed several patent applications in the field of mobile phones.
On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance (OHA) was established. OHA is a consortium of technology companies such as Google, mobile device manufacturers such as HTC, Sony and Samsung, wireless operators such as Sprint Nextel and T-Mobile, and chipset manufacturers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments. OHA itself aims to develop open standards for mobile devices. At that time, Android was inaugurated as the first product; a mobile device platform that uses the Linux kernel version 2.6. The first commercial cellular phone that uses the Android operating system is the HTC Dream, which was launched on October 22, 2008.
In 2010, Google released the Nexus series; smart phones and tablet devices with Android operating system produced by partner mobile phone manufacturers such as HTC, LG, and Samsung. HTC cooperation with Google in the release of the first Nexus smart phone products, the Nexus One. This series has been updated with newer devices, such as smart phone Nexus 4 and Nexus 10 tablet manufactured by LG and Samsung. On October 15, 2014, Google announced the Nexus Nexus 6 and 9 are manufactured by Motorola and HTC. On March 13, 2013, Larry Page announced in a blog post that Andy Rubin had moved from the Android division to work on new projects at Google. He was replaced by Sundar Pichai, who previously served as head of the division of Google Chrome, which is developing Chrome OS.
Since 2008, Android has gradually been doing some updates to improve the performance of the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs found in previous versions. Each major version was released called alphabetically by the names of desserts or sugary snacks; for example, version 1.5 named Cupcake, which is then followed by version 1.6 Donut. The latest version is 5.0 Lollipop, which was released on October 15, 2014.